Hydrostatic Pressure Test Safety Checklist

According to ASME Section VIII Division I, hydrostatic pressure is conducted at the pressure of 1.5 times design pressure. If a vessel is design for holding 1.0 kg/cm2.g pressure, the hydrostatic pressure test has to be done at 1.5 kg/cm2.g.

Hydrostatic test is also applied to existing equipments and pipe lines to check for leakage after being repaired or maintained. Hydrostatic job number increases during plant Turn Around period. Because at that time, most of equipments are opened for checking, inspection, clean-up, repairing, replacing certain parts or performing internal modification.

The use of high pressure is the main source of hazards associated with hydrostatic pressure test. Hydrostatic test stores energy. High pressure could damage the facilities and endanger worker’s safety. You should have included this into your own hazard identification.

Safety Checklist:

In order to prevent accident from hydrostatic test operation, we have to make good preparation prior to do the test, during the pressurization process and depressurizing operation. These jobs should be made in the form standard operating procedure. And here are the safety checklists for each stage.

Hydrostatic test preparation:

Specification sheet of the equipments and or pipe line, which mentions pressure and temperature designs are available and complete.

* Hydrostatic test pressure and temperature standard are already clearly defined in the related document.
* Supported documents such as P&ID and isometric drawing are available and conform to as built facilities at the field.
* Pressure test planning has to be distributed to all relevant sections in the plant site at least two days before the execution date.
* Make good coordination among related sections that involve in the test.
* All test equipments and tools shall be inspected for wear and damage.
* Pressure measurement tools are calibrated and their statuses of calibration are still valid.
* Pressure gauges used in the test have enough capacity. The gauges are recommended to have 150% of the maximum allowable working pressure.
* The pressure gauge is safety type, with blowout back.
* Pressure gauges must be installed at a proper location so that it can be easily read and do not create additional hazards to the hydrostatic test or expose personnels to the vessel being tested.
* All the temporary tools (such as valve, fitting, hoses, flanges, blind plate, etc) have to be rated more than the maximum hydrostatic pressure.
* Isolate other equipments and pipe lines that do not include in the hydrostatic test.
* Vents are available and installed the high points to vent air. Check the vent line before testing and make sure it is not blocked.
* Choose drain valve at the lowest point in order to completely empty the vessel and pipe.
* Safety relief valve is already installed. Safety relief valve setting is 1.5 times maximum allowable working pressure.
* Safety relief valve is calibrated.
* Isolate the test area and surround it with safety line. Put appropriate safety sign at that area.
* Do not allow person who does not have any relation with the hydrostatic test, to enter the test area.
* If possible perform the test from a remote area.
* Make sure that all pipe and vessel supports are in good condition and have been inspected.
* All hoses must be tied down.
* Water temperature must be more than 16oC (60 F).
* The hydrostatic-pressurizing pump is completed with safety relief valve.
* Wear proper personal protective equipments.
* Do not start the test if a problem is identified.
* Issue a work safety permit by authorized personnel.

Pressurization process:

* Remove all air from the vessel and pipe line by water through vent line.
* Pressurization is conducted gradually/slowly.
* Mark all leak points and repair them before preceding the test.
* Do not monitor during pressurization step directly from the front of sight glass or level glass.

De-pressurization process:

* Start de-pressurization by opening gradually the vent valve. Do it slowly.
* Do not open the drain valve if the vent valve if still closed. This is to avoid vacuum condition inside the vessel.
* Open the lowest drain point to completely remove water from the vessel and pipeline.
* Ensure that no remaining pressure trapped inside the pipe line or vessel.

The above hydrostatic pressure test safety checklist will ensure worker’s safety and the facility of the plant. Thus, do not try to ignore them.

What Clients Should Know About Debt Relief Companies

For the most part,debt relief companies in Michigan have a list of recommended agencies to provide their clients with debt relief help. While some of these companies are only available through the phone and may not offer free consultations,the majority of them are offered free consultations as well. Since so many people need help,it would be silly to not provide them with the help they deserve. It is important for individuals to know exactly what assistance is being provided before they choose which firm to contact. Whether the individual needs debt relief advice or even to purchase a debt consolidation loan,the same basic criteria should be met. First,the company should have a proven track record of helping others successfully.[dcl=7597]

Clients should feel confident in the fact that their fees will be used for their purpose. In addition,the company should not charge additional fees for advice that has already been offered. Because of the present economic crisis,more individuals are being asked to shoulder more of the burden for their lenders. With more borrowers looking for help,the banks and creditors must find new ways to recover some of their money. For this reason,clients should be informed about all of the options that are being presented to them and which options are not being considered.

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Many individuals are asking about using a personal credit report to help them determine if a potential company is a scam. Most of the time,the people that receive these services are those who are desperate for help. The personal reports that are available for free should not be viewed as a substitute for professional advice. In order to receive assistance and other options to help them learn how to reduce their monthly payments,it is important for borrowers to understand all of the various programs and services that are available. A good help center should be able to match their needs with a reputable organization that offers assistance in lowering their interest rates and bills.

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Bontril Reviews

Bontril is a prescription diet plan pill that is developed to help overweight individuals to lower their weight so that their threat of certain health risks associated with their unwanted kilos will be lessened. It is a pill that is typically ingested once on a daily basis,followed by entire with a full 8 ounce tumbler of pure water.

With a health professional prescribed,Bontril is readily available in bottles of 20,60,and 90 capsules. Cited by the makers of this pharmaceutical,although there is a typical method of taking this medication,it is necessary to be consistent with the particular directions supplied by the prescribing medical professional.

[dcl=7595] is a part of a diet plan pill group called hunger suppressants. It is a trademark name version of the generic medication referred to as phendimetrazine. This is a sympathomimetic amine which functions in a way that resembles an amphetamine. It serves to suppress the appetite felt by the user so that,over the short-term,he or she is able to eat smaller sized healthy meals and lower snacking without having that feeling of starvation which triggers a lot of diets to fail.

These two functions are crucial because the [dcl=7596],on its own,doesn’t cause weight loss. It is recommended with a low calorie diet plan and a workout program.

The hunger suppression from Bontril makes it easier for the dieter to be consistent with the lowered calorie diet plan because,despite the fact that he or she is consuming less,the hunger pangs will not return as easily. At the same time,the boost in energy is necessary for helping the dieter to stay up to date with a day-to-day workout routine,which will help to burn the calories from the food that was consumed,so that stored fat will begin to be used by the body as fuel.

It is necessary to go over the potential negative effects of Bontril with your medical professional prior to you fill your prescription. The reason is that there actually are numerous negative effects,varying from very moderate to quite extreme,which have actually been associated with making use of this drug. This prescription medication can also be addicting,so it is necessary to carefully diligently adhere to the directions of the medical professional and never suddenly discontinue utilizing it without seeking advice from the medical professional,first. This will help to prevent withdrawal signs.

Bontrilevaluations are found online and are a important part of choosing if takinga prescription diet plan pill is the ideal move for you to handle your weight loss journey. Becoming as notified as possible, and looking for evaluations composed by realpeople who have actually taken this item is the sensible method to decrease your threats and improve your changes of weight-loss success. It is certain that somebodywith a proper depth of understanding about the drug will have addressed it someplace on the web, if you have had the concern. In thisrespect,Google, Yahoo, Bing, and other search engines have actually become a important element in doing research on diet plan itemsand medications prior to really acquiring them and putting them in your body.

How To Perform A Good Toilet Repair

If you want to have the most comfortable experience with your bathroom,you should know how to perform a good toilet repair. The most important aspect of a good bathroom is having comfortable toilets. It would be very difficult to enter a home without knowing that there are no bathrooms available. Fortunately,most bathrooms are reasonably easy to fix. There are several things that need to be checked before doing a repair. Make sure that the toilet is clean before starting the job. A dirty toilet will create an unattractive bathroom and it will also increase the costs of your renovation if you have to repair the entire toilet.[dcl=7438]

When inspecting the toilet,make sure that the bowl is not cracked. The best thing to do if you feel that your toilet is not as clean as it could be is to replace it. You can find a new one by looking for a brand that has been around for a long time. Some of the brands that you should look for are Plombic,Vicks,American Standard,and others. In the event that you decide to replace the toilet,you should inspect all the pipes that are part of the fixture. Make sure that all the pipes are free from cracks or pieces of debris.

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The main problems with a broken toilet are that they might have blocked the pipes that are in the fixture. If you want to have a smooth and flowing experience in your bathroom,it is important to know how to perform a good toilet repair. The first thing that you should do is look for small bits of debris. These pieces of debris will clog the pipes in the toilet. Make sure that you remove the unwanted bits of debris from the pipe so that it will not block the flow of water.

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When And When Not To Hire A Plumber

The best time to hire an emergency plumber is when your current plumber isn’t getting anywhere with your pipes. Don’t call your plumber all the time because that just makes them a pest and puts them off calling you at all. You should get a professional out to fix the problem once you see flooding in your home.

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Once you know the cause of the flooding,you can decide if the cost of the plumber will be worth it or not. If the water has turned to a greenish black color and it is slowly coming up through the pipe it’s too late to save the plumber and your plumbing may have to be replaced. If the problem is there from the start then your plumber should be able to get the problem fixed without much trouble. If it looks like the water has gotten into the floor then you need to call the plumber right away.

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You should never hire a plumber to take care of the problem when you have the water yourself. Even if the water looks OK from where you are standing,you don’t know what the damage will be if you try to handle it yourself. There is a chance the pipes could burst and cause a flood as well as the water seeping into your house. You can also find that the fumes and smells from the pipe will kill you if you’re breathing them in when trying to get the water out. It is your responsibility to do what you can to make sure you don’t get another problem of this type and for your family to stay safe.[dcl=7438]

How To Fix A 502 Bad Gateway Error In WordPress

One of the most annoying errors in the whole web is the 502 bad gateway error. This error is frustrating as it can occur due to many different reasons. Therefore,it is difficult to troubleshoot and fix this error. Further,it occurs on WordPress and popular services like CloudFlare,Twitter,Gmail,and others.

If you are facing the 502 bad gateway error,we got your back. In this article,we shall show you how to fix this error easily using tried and tested methods.

But,if you want a professional to handle,click this link to reach us. [dcl=7567]

What Is A 502 Bad Gateway Error?

An error that establishes anytime your WordPress hosting server receives an invalid response for any page requested.

Anytime you visit a website,the hosting server of that site receives a request from your browser. In turn,the hosting server locates that page and then sends it back to your browser alongside the status code.

In most cases,you will not see the status code of that page. Nevertheless,if there is an error,you get a display of the status code and an error message. For example,403 forbidden errors,503 services unavailable,404 not found,and others.

What Causes A 502 Bad Gateway Error?

Often,the 502 bad gateway error occurs when there is poor communication between servers. This results in the server taking too long to respond to your request. Here are some reasons for this error:

  • DNS problems.
  • An overloaded server.
  • Either one or all your upstream servers are inaccessible or down.
  • Your content delivery network (CDN) has some issues.
  • Faulty PHP scripts like problematic WordPress themes or plugins.
  • A misbehaving browser cache.
  • Server mis-configurations resulting from various reasons like human error when your host is moving servers.

For the above reasons,it is clear that fixing this error requires you to try various solutions.

How To Fix The 502 Bad Gateway Error

For a 502 bad gateway error to occur,either the server or client side has an issue. Therefore,you should troubleshoot within the client and server side. Here is how to fix this error:

1. Reload / Refresh Your Website

In some instances,your server might take time to respond because of a high spike in traffic or low server resources. In addition,various reasons might make your servers go up and offline.

Hosting providers fix such issues without wasting time to avoid negative impacts on hosted websites. Therefore,the first solution is easier as most cases are temporary. Wait for a minute or two,and then refresh your website to see if the problem will disappear. Try another browser if reloading failed.

However,if this error keeps on appearing on your side yet the site is up for other users,then you need to fix something on your side.

2. Clear Your Browser Cache

Are you still seeing the 502 bad gateway error after trying the first solution? If so,then your browser is displaying the error page from its cache. This means it’s loading your site from cache.

Thus,you have to inform your web browser to load the recent version from the website. To do so,Windows/Linux OS users should press Ctrl+ F5 buttons. On the other hand,Mac OS users should press CMD+Shift+R buttons. Besides that,you can use your browser settings to clear the cache manually.

After that,try to reload your website again. Likewise,you can troubleshoot this problem using a different browser. Proceed to other methods if the error shows on all browsers.

3. Turn Off Your CDN Or Firewall Temporarily

Do you use a website firewall or CDN service like KeyCDN and CloudFlare on your site? If so,then there are higher chances of their servers acting up. Normally,CDNs route your site traffic to their servers to provide you with better website security and performance.

Thus,a small issue on their servers may give you the 502 bad gateway error. Furthermore,you can get this error if you made an incorrect configuration of your CDN.

To determine if this error is because of your firewall or CDN,try disabling them for some time. In turn,there is removal of the extra layer created between your hosting server and browser. Now,your site loads wholly from your server and the issue is fixed if firewall/CDN service was the cause.

After that,contact your firewall/CDN customer support for assistance. It takes them a few minutes to resolve the issue. Remember to enable your CDN/firewall after they fix the issue.

Btw,if this process is becoming a bit daunting for you to do yourself,reach out to Helpbot via social media. We’ll help you fix this asap!

4. Update Your WordPress Themes And Plugins

Have you tried all the above solutions,but the error still exists? If that is the case,you need to examine your plugins or theme.

To do so,start by deactivating all your WordPress plugins through FTP like FileZilla. Once you are done,go to your website to check if the error is fixed. If so,it means one of your plugins was the cause of the problem.

Thus,you need to find the plugin that is causing this error. This process is simple,as you need to do is enable your plugins one at a time and then visit your site. Once you find the problematic plugin,contact their support or get an alternative plugin.

In case deactivating the plugins never solved your problem,then go ahead and examine your WordPress theme. To do so,switch WordPress theme through phpMyAdmin.

Once you switch your theme to the default WP theme,go to your site to check if it is functioning. If the issue exists,then examine your hosting server.

5. Examine Your Hosting Server

Have you tried all the above troubleshooting methods without success? Then your hosting server could be the issue.

Contact your hosting provider customer support and inform them about this problem. While at it,tell them all the troubleshooting steps you have tried.

If the problem is a result of a server misconfiguration,any good WordPress hosting company should fix it quickly.

Final Thoughts

Troubleshooting and fixing a 502 bad gateway error on WordPress is easier,as it takes no time to resolve itself. Nevertheless,this can be a challenge for beginners as this error occurs for various reasons.

Even so,our how to fix the 502 bad gateway error on WordPress guide is enough to help solve the issue without problems.

In case you have any comments,questions or suggestions about the 502 bad gateway error,click this link to contact us. [dcl=7567]

Nano-sized Hemp CBD vs. Regular CBD Oil….Is The Difference Worth It?

Does Hemp Extract alleviate pain?

In short: Yes,it does alleviate pain! And YES IT IS – real nano CBD,not enhanced or “emulsified”,is more effective than regular CBD!

There are numerous case studies,whether you apply on your skin or take it under your tongue,CBD oil for anxiety and panic is currently termed to be one of the best remedies. The concentration of CBD used in the product generally varies from one oil to the other,and so does its uses,so it is important to turn to infosites with case studies,such as [dcl=7565],to understand which hemp products work better than others.

One of the most popular and well-known uses of cannabis and hemp-derived products is for the purpose of relief from anxiety and stress. However,a lot of products are ineffective for this purpose.

Let’s explain:

CBD extract from hemp and CBD oil are 2 different things. “CBD extract” is the liquid extract by itself from the hemp plant; “CBD oil” is that extract mixed with a carrier such as coconut oil,hemp seed oil,or MCT oil.

In CBD oil,the side effect of this carrier compound is that the CBD particles are way too big to be bio-absorbed by the body. The oil passes through your GI tract,at least 60-70% of the CBD is wasted – and at most,only 5-10% is absorbed into the parts of the body that need it. (Women naturally absorb a little more.)

In order for the CBD to work best and effectively,there must be a carrier to efficiently transport it to the place where it has the desired effect with the least losses. Old fashion inefficient car comes to mind?

The barrier to this place is the blood-brain barrier,with very tiny openings that keep bad molecules,undesirables and toxins out of the bloodstream,nano CBD we talk about does it naturally due to its particle size of 10-25 nanometers in size. The best example would be a comparison of regular Vitamin C and Liposomal Vitamin C(you can search the net),where you would need to take only say 1000mg of liposomal Vit.C vs 4000mg of regular Vit.C to achieve the same effect. The same true for Nano CBD derived from hemp vs all conventional CBD oils nano enhanced,etc. There’s no substitute for the real Nano hemp derived oil extract. We are talking here about revolutionary product. You have to stop using outdated technologies. While most producers use CO2 extraction,what matters is what they do after with it.

For more information on where you can find the real Nano CBD,visit [dcl=7565],which contains links to purchase.

The Face of the Company: How to Position Your Company as an Authority

A company can have the best people in the industry,but without the right connections,it still won’t be successful. This is why it’s important for you to position yourself as an authority in your niche. One of the ways to do that is to determine the faces of the company and make sure they are visible to prospective customers or clients.

Here’s how you can position your company as a figure of authority:

Connect Your CEO with the Right People

For many companies,it’s the CEO that is the face of the company by default. If this is true for your business as well,you’ll want your CEO to be friends with people who can boost your company’s image. A successful business coach,for instance,will be a good friend for a serial entrepreneur working on their next venture. A food blogger and a food stylist would be a perfect fit. A publisher can be the best friend of your marketing company. The connection tells people that a person of authority trusts your CEO,which translates to them becoming more likable to customers or clients and being more successful in lead generation not just in Hong Kong,but even worldwide.

Find Talks for Your C-Suite Executives

This can also be for the primary face of your company,but there’s no need to limit yourself to one. There are several leaders in your company,and each of them may be experts in their own field. Getting them engaged in talks will position your company in each field as a business to watch.

Get your head of brand,culture,or human resources to talk about manpower. Get your CFO to discuss how SMEs can stay afloat. Your product development lead can talk about logistics or manufacturing. This way,you’re not getting a boost in your main industry,but you are also building your reputation in other partner industries.

There are several ways to build your authority as a brand. To get your name out there,leverage your experts and use their skills to boost your company’s visibility.

For more information,visit:[dcl=7550]

Tips for Search Engine Writing If You’re Not a Pro

Writing for SEO isn’t just about writing for your human audiences. No matter how good your content is,none of it matters if they don’t show up in seach engines properly. Undergoing a search engine optimization training will tell you that what these automated programs that crawl the web find when searching for what content to include in their database will determine your ranking. Before,many had to sacrifice the readability of their content just to make sure they get better search results. However,that’s no longer how things work. That doesn’t mean that no one practices these unnecessary and detrimental approaches anymore.

Here are some legitimate technques that will help you make better content that ranks well:

Avoid Keyword Stuffing

Keywords are what readers type into those search boxes to find the information they need. So,if you want them to see your content,you need to use them as many times as possible in your content,right? Wrong! Any attempt to manipulate a site’s ranking won’t work in your favor. While this may have worked in the past,search engines have become a lot smarter. So,make sure your content is human-friendly to get favorable results in search engines.

Have a Unique Page Title

Your chosen page title has a huge influence on how well your page ranks because this informs search engines about the content of your page. That’s why it’s important to make it unique but still reflects the keywords you want to highlight. You may have seen some page titles get cut off when they’re too long. While there’s no specific character count to prevent this from happening,make it as concise as possible. Avoid using words that do not have any keyword value,such as particles and conjunctions.

Optimize Your Images Properly

In 2010,Google revealed that website speed is going to be a factor when determining rankings. So,while it’s still important to use high-quality photos,make sure they’re in a standard size that won’t cause your site to load slowly. Also,put a descriptive file name on each image before uploading,as this will help with the rankings as well.

For more information,visit:[dcl=7546]

Things To Consider When You Have A Leaking Toilet

If you are suffering from the problem of leaking toilet,it is essential to consult with a professional at a recognized plumbing service provider so that you can avoid costly bathroom repair expenses. Many of us are not aware of the gravity of the situation. In most cases,we will have to deal with these issues at home and we often do not understand how important it is to consult with the plumber on a regular basis. We usually don’t put this issue in the spotlight because we want to be free from the hassle and bother of having a leaking toilet.

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One thing to consider is that if you already know when your toilet needs repairing,there is no need to rush to fix the issue. You should start saving for the repair bill as soon as possible. If you keep this in mind,you will also be able to save on the cost of the repairs because you won’t waste any time or effort to find the right plumber. There are some instances when we tend to ignore the drain repair work needed because we fear for our safety or the safety of our home. In such cases,it is always important to contact the plumber right away for help in plumbing issues. This way,you will be able to avoid any future complications. On the other hand,if you get the repairs done in an expedient manner,it will help you save time and energy as well.

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Sometimes,the reason why we ignore the toilet issues is because we don’t feel comfortable dealing with the situation. The same logic applies in the case of toilet repair. It is always important to call a plumber at the very first instance when the toilet starts to leak and even if it seems like the problem will be resolved over time,there is no excuse to neglect the problem.[dcl=7438]

Plumbing Emergency Q&A

If you are like most every other home owner you probably don’t think much about your plumbing until you have a plumbing emergency. The problem with waiting to figure out which plumbing company you’re going to use until the moment of the emergency is that then you no longer have the time you need to properly compare different companies to make sure you’re using the one that is best for you.

This article will arm you with the top 5 questions you need to ask a few plumbing companies before deciding which one you’ll be using when faced with your next plumbing job.

#1 – What is the plumbing company’s Better Business Bureau rating?

Anyone can post just about any garbage on the internet,but with the Better Business Bureau there is a much more thorough investigational process that must be adhered to in order to confirm any complaints against a company.

The easiest way to answer this question is to go to Google and search for “Better Business Bureau [your state]” (insert your state into the [your state] part). The BBB for your state will most likely be the number one result in google.

While you’re there checking out the plumbing company you’re investigating look under the “Licensing” section of their BBB report. They will have some links for the state licensing agencies that will have further information about the company you are investigating.

#2 – Are the plumbers that will be working to remedy your plumbing emergency certified journeymen plumbers?

The better qualified and knowledgeable your plumber is,the faster and more efficiently they will be able to diagnose and remedy your plumbing problem. One of the best ways to verify that the plumber who is handling your job is competent to do the job is by confirming that they are a certified journeyman plumber.

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#3 – How well are they equipped to take care of the problem immediately?

No mobile unit can have everything (not even 100,000 square foot warehouses carry everything a particular plumbing situation might require) but the emergency plumber you choose to work with should have more than just a van. Ideally they should have a large truck with adequate capacity to stock all of the parts and equipment that would be needed to resolve all of the plumbing problems that are most commonly encountered.

#4 – Who will you actually be speaking with when you call them at 1AM?

Many companies use an answering service which will usually just leave a message for the tech and then consider their job done. If the 24 hour plumber sleeps through the call you will be waiting longer than you were anticipating.

Wouldn’t you feel more comfortable knowing that you will be speaking directly with a member of the plumbing company staff? If that is important to you then be sure to verify ahead of time who you will be talking to when you call.

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#5 – What is the turn-over rate for the company’s plumbing staff?

Does the plumbing company employ the same certified plumbers on a consistent basis? Else,do they engage in the practice of bringing in inexperienced high school students in large numbers and rotate through the ones that mess up on your plumbing job? While not an extremely common practice,this is something to be on the lookout for.

The best way to verify this is by calling the company and asking them directly what their hiring practices are. How long has their longest tenured employee been with them? When is the last time they let an employee go? These are good questions to ask the company to get a feeling for the current hiring practices.

Armed with these five questions and their corresponding answers you will feel much more confident in your plumber of choice when faced with your next plumbing emergency.[dcl=7438]